Rich in history and culture, Cairo is one of the world's most famous capital cities, and with a unique combination of the ancient and modern, it is hugely popular with tourists and business travellers alike. Here are some interesting facts about Egypt's capital that you may not know:
- Greater Cairo, which covers Cairo, Giza, Helwan and Shubra El Kheima, is the largest urban centre in Africa and the Middle East. It covers an area of 1,709 sq km and is home to an estimated 27.5 million residents.
- Throughout its history Cairo has been ruled by the pharaohs of Ancient Egypt, the Roman Empire, the Ottoman Empire, France and Great Britain.
- Cairo is home to one of the world's oldest universities, Al-Azhar University. It dates to 970 AD, making it even older than Oxford University, although it was not recognised with university status until 1961.
- Cairo has one of only two metro rail systems in the whole of Africa – the other is in Algiers.
- For thousands of years until the first skyscrapers arrived in 1889, the Pyramids of Giza were the tallest man-made buildings in the world.
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