No cultural visit to Berlin would be complete without a day spent exploring Museum Island. Located on a small island in the Mitte district, it is home to five museums whose exhibitions mainly focus on fine art and history, which were constructed by Prussian architects between 1824 and 1930.
A UNESCO World Heritage Site, the complex as a whole is one of Berlin's proudest urban achievements: a series of magnificently realised buildings whose architecture traces the evolution of the modern museum over more than a century.
The Altes Museum, the oldest of the five buildings, is a two-storey structure whose collections are dedicated to classical antiquity, particularly the art and sculpture of Ancient Greece and the Roman Empire. Meanwhile, the Neues Museum, which was destroyed in the Second World War and subsequently reopened in 2009, is known for its stunning collection of Egyptian artefacts, including the bust of Nefertiti, as well as some fascinating archaeological finds from the Iron, Bronze and Stone Ages.
The Alte Nationalgalerie propels visitors further ahead in time with its exhibition of Enlightenment-era art, housing everything from the Neoclassical paintings of the late 18th century to the art and sculpture of the early Modernists. The Bode Museum, with its distinctive domed roof, reopened in 2006 after a decade-long refurbishment and houses a wide-ranging collection of Byzantine art, sculpture, coins and medals, and art from the Renaissance and Baroque periods.
Last but not least, there's the Pergamon Museum, which offers something quite different to the other four - life-size reconstructions of some of the buildings and monuments that have shaped history. From the Ishtar Gate of Babylon to the Pergamon Altar of Ancient Greece, you'll find architectural wonders aplenty at Germany's most popular art museum.
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