Archaeology & History
Centrally located in Victoria, the fortified city of The Old Citadel (also called the Citadella or Kastell) rises dramatically above ir-Rabat (Maltese name of Victoria). The Citadel has been the centre of activities on the island since possibly Neolithic times, and was certainly fortified during the Bronze Age around 1500 BC. It is a perfect vantage point from which to observe the capital and the island.
Considered one of the oldest freestanding monuments in the world, preceding Stonehenge and the Egyptian pyramids, the UNESCO Heritage Ġgantija is a set of prehistoric temples dating back to 3600 / 3200 BC. The two temples are a strong symbol of art and culture preserved through the evolution of the island. The name Ġgantija derives from the word ‘ġgant’, Maltese for giant, as some of the megalith limestone blocks exceed 5 m (16.4 ft) in length and weigh over 50 tonnes (100,000 lbs).